Dehradun was founded in the eighteenth century by the exiled Sikh Guru, Ram Rai. He set up camp in the present Khurbura locality and also constructed a temple near Dhanawala. Over time, it was ruled by the Sikhs, the Mughals and the Gurkhas. In 1815, the British ousted the Gorkhas and made it an army base. In 1863, the British established tea plantations, and Dehradun became a popular hill station.
Tourism is a key industry here and the city attracts hordes of tourists especially during peak season. Dehradun is also famous for its basmati rice, bakery products and lychees. Its surviving tea estates manufacture green tea, which is then exported to national and international markets.
In the last 20 years, the city has grown exponentially. It saw an IT boom which led to the establishment of Software Technology Parks and Special Economic Zones. Dehradun’s per capita income is close to $1800, way above the national average of $800. Dehradun also happens to be the Headquarter of ONGC, India's Largest Oil Company. The Indian Military Academy is located here.
Visit the city during autumn when the nights are cool. Summers can be hot and during winter, temperatures dip.
Clock Tower – This is one of the most prominent landmarks of the city. The six-faced tower harks back to the colonial past. Locals claim that the bell of this tower could be heard at distant places before it was ruined.
Mindrolling Monastery - This is one of the most famous monasteries in the world. It is one of the largest Buddhist institution in India. Built in 1676, it has witnessed many natural calamities and attacks. The monastery's head is revered by people across the world.
Malsi Deer Park – Located 10 kms from Dehradun, this mini zoological park lies at the bottom of the Shivalik range. It is home to various species of deers such as the Neelgai and the two horned deer. It also has a wide variety of birds. Beautiful and well-maintained, it is an ideal picnic spot.
Chetwoode Hall - This diplays the latest and sophisticated ammunition possessed by the Indian Army. Tourists can also watch inetresting video clips describing various weapons in this museum. History buffs stand to glean much knowledge from the war gallery.